Usage with Starknet devnets

Apibara works great for local development, simply connect the open-source Starknet DNA server to devnet. In this guide, we are going to show how to use DNA with devnet-rs and katana.

You will need the following tools installed:

JSON-RPC compatibility

Notice that the JSON-RPC version used by Starknet DNA for ingestion needs to match the devnet implementation.

  • apibara/starknet:1.4: v0.6

With devnet-rs

The following docker-compose.yml file shows how to run devnet-rs and the Starknet DNA server.

Notice the following:

  • we persist the devnet state between restarts with the --dump-path option.
  • apibara/starknet requires the XDG_DATA_HOME directory to exist. In this case, we map it to a Docker volume.
  • the --rpc flag connects apibara/starknet to devnet.
  • the DNA service will be exposed on port 7171.
version: "3"

    image: shardlabs/starknet-devnet-rs:0.0.2
      - --dump-on=transaction
      - --dump-path=/data/dump
      - devnet:/data
      - 5050:5050

      - start
      - --rpc=http://devnet:5050/rpc
      - --name=devnet
      - --head-refresh-interval-ms=1000
      - --wait-for-rpc
      - --address=
      - XDG_DATA_HOME=/data
      - dna:/data
      - 7171:7171
        condition: service_started


After creating the docker-compose.yml file, you can start the services. The first time you run this command, you will see the DNA service printing an error at regular intervals. This is normal: DNA expects the network to have at least one block, but devnet doesn't have any block until the first transaction is submitted. We are going to see how to easily create transactions in the next section.

docker compose up
[+] Building 0.0s (0/0)                            docker-container:default
[+] Running 5/5
 ✔ Network my-project_default     Created          0.0s
 ✔ Volume "my-project_devnet"     Created          0.0s
 ✔ Volume "my-project_dna"        Created          0.0s
 ✔ Container my-project-devnet-1  Created          0.0s
 ✔ Container my-project-dna-1     Created          0.0s
Attaching to devnet-1, dna-1
dna-1     | 2024-03-11T13:28:57.056892Z  INFO apibara_starknet::node: starting starknet node
dna-1     | 2024-03-11T13:28:57.070684Z ERROR apibara_starknet::provider: error=Provider(Other(TransportError(Reqwest(reqwest::Error { kind: Request, url: Url { scheme: "http", cannot_be_a_base: false, username: "", password: None, host: Some(Domain("devnet")), port: Some(5050), path: "/rpc", query: None, fragment: None }, source: hyper::Error(Connect, ConnectError("tcp connect error", Os { code: 111, kind: ConnectionRefused, message: "Connection refused" })) }))))
dna-1     | 2024-03-11T13:28:57.070770Z  INFO apibara_starknet::node: waiting for RPC server to be available
devnet-1  | Predeployed FeeToken
devnet-1  | ETH Address: 0x49D36570D4E46F48E99674BD3FCC84644DDD6B96F7C741B1562B82F9E004DC7
devnet-1  | STRK Address: 0x04718f5a0fc34cc1af16a1cdee98ffb20c31f5cd61d6ab07201858f4287c938d
devnet-1  | Class Hash: 0x3af5816946625d3d2c94ea451225715784762050eba736f0b0ad9186685bced
devnet-1  |
devnet-1  | # accounts omitted
devnet-1  |
devnet-1  | Predeployed accounts using class with hash: 0x4d07e40e93398ed3c76981e72dd1fd22557a78ce36c0515f679e27f0bb5bc5f
devnet-1  | Initial balance of each account: 1000000000000000000000 WEI and FRI
devnet-1  | Seed to replicate this account sequence: 1768451381
devnet-1  | 2024-03-11T13:28:57.118970Z  INFO starknet_devnet: Starknet Devnet listening on
devnet-1  | 2024-03-11T13:28:58.074003Z  INFO rpc: received method in on_request starknet_blockHashAndNumber
dna-1     | 2024-03-11T13:28:58.074450Z ERROR apibara_starknet::provider: error=BlockNotFound
dna-1     | 2024-03-11T13:28:58.074469Z  INFO apibara_starknet::node: waiting for RPC server to be available
devnet-1  | 2024-03-11T13:29:00.076617Z  INFO rpc: received method in on_request starknet_blockHashAndNumber
dna-1     | 2024-03-11T13:29:00.076868Z ERROR apibara_starknet::provider: error=BlockNotFound
dna-1     | 2024-03-11T13:29:00.076886Z  INFO apibara_starknet::node: waiting for RPC server to be available
devnet-1  | 2024-03-11T13:29:04.077946Z  INFO rpc: received method in on_request starknet_blockHashAndNumber
dna-1     | 2024-03-11T13:29:04.078203Z ERROR apibara_starknet::provider: error=BlockNotFound
dna-1     | 2024-03-11T13:29:04.078222Z  INFO apibara_starknet::node: waiting for RPC server to be available

Producing blocks

The easiest way to produce blocks is by using the /mint helper. After creating the first transaction, the devnet will start producing blocks and DNA will ingest them as they're produced.

http POST :5050/mint address=0x0 amount:=50000 unit="FRI"
HTTP/1.1 200 OK
access-control-allow-origin: *
content-length: 110
content-type: application/json
date: Mon, 11 Mar 2024 13:33:29 GMT
vary: origin
vary: access-control-request-method
vary: access-control-request-headers

    "new_balance": "0",
    "tx_hash": "0x4c0798d3556edc90e8900d750300047e17e3489a9884b4d1c26f17d8546dceb",
    "unit": "FRI"

With katana


Connecting to the local DNA server

You can now connect to the local DNA server available at the following address.


Check the ingestion status with grpcurl. Notice that because of how gRPC works, you will need to produce a few blocks for all fields to become visible.

grpcurl -plaintext localhost:7171 apibara.node.v1alpha2.Stream.Status
  "currentHead": {
    "orderKey": "1",
    "uniqueKey": "B4w42Tvx/afQWKMp3TFt/wCR7YIHKKzxOZnhbYC4TV0="
  "lastIngested": {
    "orderKey": "1",
    "uniqueKey": "B4w42Tvx/afQWKMp3TFt/wCR7YIHKKzxOZnhbYC4TV0="
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