Building indexers with Apibara

Apibara indexers perform three actions:

  • Stream onchain data into your indexer, using DNA.
  • Transform the data into a higher-level representation that maps to your application domain.
  • Integrate data with the rest of your application by sending it to other services.

All three steps are controlled by an indexer script, that is a Javascript or Typescript file.

At minimum, a script needs to export the following:

  • config: contains the stream and sink (integration) configuration.
  • a default function used to transform raw onchain data.

Optionally, indexers can export a factory function to enable factory mode. Factory mode changes the indexer behavior and it's documented separately.


By default, Apibara indexers have no access to environment variables, network, and the filesystem. This is done to protect your system from malicious Javascript dependencies. Refer to the permissions section to learn more about it.


The config object configures both the stream and the sink.

  • streamUrl: the stream URL. Operators can override this field with the --stream-url CLI flag.
  • startingBlock: start streaming data from this block.
  • network: the network type, e.g. starknet to stream data from Starknet or a Starknet-based appchain.
  • finality: data status finality. Can be one of DATA_STATUS_PENDING, DATA_STATUS_ACCEPTED, or DATA_STATUS_FINALIZED. Defaults to accepted.
  • filter: the filter used to select onchain data. Learn more about data filtering here.
  • sinkType: send data to the specified sink plugin. See the "Integrations" section in the sidebar to see which sinks are available.
  • sinkOptions: options used to configure the sink.

If you're using Typescript, you can make the config object type-safe by importing the appropriate types:

import type {
} from "";

export const config: Config<NetworkOptions, SinkOptions> = {
  // ...

You can also further restrict the network and sink options. In this case your editor will provide autocompletion for the available sinkOptions. Refer to the editor setup page to learn how to configure your editor for Apibara.

import type { Config, NetworkOptions } from "";
import type { Console } from "";

export const config: Config<NetworkOptions, Console> = {
  // ...
  sinkType: "console",
  sinkOptions: {},

Data transformation

All indexers must export a default function (usually called transform) that accepts a single parameter and returns a JSON object passed to the downstream integration.

export default function transform(block) {
  // Do something here.
  return data;

The transform function can be async in case you need to perform async operations like network access (read more about network access here).

Notice that the value returned by the transform function must be JSON-encodable. For web3 applications, this means you need to convert BigInt to either a number or a string (recommended).

Last modified
Edit on GitHub

Apibara is the fastest platform to build production-grade indexers that connect onchain data to web2 services.

© 2024 GNC Labs Limited. All rights reserved.